The Uruguay Senate is set to vote this week on the government's plan to legalize and regulate marijuana consumption and sales, which would make them the first country to do so. The government's plan has already been approved by the House in Uruguay, by a vote of 50 to 46. If the bill passes the Senate - which it is expected to - the government will have 120 days to write regulations before the law goes into effect.
The long road to this point began in June of 2012 when Uruguay President Jose Mujica proposed a plan that would legalize marijuana as a way of combating the crime that comes from the black market.
If the law is passed, adults in Uruguay will be able to grow up to six plants at home or form collectives together. Marijuana will also be sold in pharmacies and medical patients will be able to procure theirs from the Ministry of Public Health. Driving under the influence of marijuana and all advertising relating to the cannabis industry will remain prohibited. To undercut the black market, grams of weed will cost $1.